all, it reiterates the announcements made prior to its publication such as the Declaration on Forests and Land Use. It expresses “alarm and concern” that human activity has caused 1.1C of warming compared to pre-industrial levels.
The document highlights climate finance and “notes with regret” that the aim of mobilising £100bn a year – which would be provided by developed countries to support efforts from developing nations to address climate change and its impacts – has not yet been met. It also “calls upon parties to accelerate the phasing out of coal and subsidies for fossil fuels”.
The reaction to the draft has been mixed, with much of the criticism centred on finance. Jennifer Tollman, a senior policy adviser at E3G, said “the draft is more heavily weighted toward climate mitigation actions to reduce the severity of global warming, and more vague on ambition and finance”.
The Alliance of Small Island States said the text “provides a basis for moving forward but it needs to be strengthened”, adding that “urging, calling, encouraging and inviting is not the decisive language that this moment calls for”.
Announcements were made on agricultural reform and innovation, with 26 nations setting out commitments to make farming more sustainable. The UK committed to engage 75% of farmers in low-carbon practices by 2030.
Meanwhile, Sainsbury’s, Tesco, Waitrose, Co-op and M&S, in partnership with WWF, have pledged to half the environmental impact of a weekly shop by 2030.
A UN publication reported that adaptation costs in developing countries are five to 10-times greater than the current public adaptation finance flows, saying the adaptation finance gap is widening.
The Adaptation Fund received $20m from the UK and further funding was announced for climate adaptation, conservation and low-carbon transitioning in the Asia-Pacific region. Another £1m was pledged to support faster response to natural disasters.
Tuesday was focused on science, innovation and the importance of gender equality in tackling the climate crisis.
Twenty-three governments announced four new missions as part of Mission Innovation to catalyse investment that will accelerate technology. These are:
Other announcements included the Industrial Deep Decarbonisation Initiative, where member governments have committed to the disclosure of embodied carbon of major public construction by no later than 2025.
They also pledged to achieve net zero in major public construction steel and concrete by 2050.
Events demonstrated how technology can be used to tackle some of the world’s biggest challenges, ranging from deploying acoustic monitoring to combat deforestation through to data analytics used to forecast the impact of electric vehicles on the grid.
On Transport Day, held today (Wednesday), we have witnessed three major declarations:
The UK Government also confirmed that new, non-tailpipe emission HGVs over 26 tonnes will be phased out by 2040, with those under 26 tonnes to be phased out by 2030.
Transport Day also included events focusing on the challenges of electric vehicles. Professor Mark Johnson, from the University of Nottingham, gave a talk on power electronics and challenges associated with scaling up this technology.
He also explained the university’s work on novel integrated powertrains as a cost-effective green solution to electrification in the Powertrain Research Centre.
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